How Terms Volyball

For volleyball players, this list of terms can come in handy, as it can teach them the basic terms used in the game. This knowledge is very important, no matter how good the player is or at what level he plays.

This guide will give you an elemental run down of the most commonly used and basic terms and definitions in volleyball. Any individual who wants to learn the sport or regularly watches it must be aware of these terms. The knowledge of these terms and rules will aid the person in understanding the game better and enjoying it at a higher level. Not knowing the meanings to these basic terms and definitions can confuse a person entirely, and it can utterly ruin the activity of watching a game of volleyball. This knowledge takes up even more importance for a person who is actually playing the game.

Guide of Basic Volleyball Terms

This is an alphabetical list, and it covers the basic terms that will come in handy at some point or the other during a volleyball match.

ACE: A serve that no player of the opposition team touches before it hits the ground. It results in a point for the server.

ASSIST: Setting the ball up for a teammate who attacks the ball and then scores a point. An assist is counted only if the very next shot results in a point.

ATTACK: The act of actually approaching the volleyball and hitting it, in order to gain a point.

ATTACKER: The person who attacks the ball. Also known as the HITTER or the SPIKER.

ATTACK LINE: Also known as the ’10 foot line’, it is 3 meters away from the net and is present on both sides of the court.

BACK ROW ATTACK: A move where a player behind the attack line hits the ball. At the moment when he jumps to hit the ball he must be behind the attack line.

BLOCK: An action where a spiker’s move is deflected back into his court by blocking the ball.

BALL HANDLING ERROR: The referee may call this error, if he notices that there has been a double hit, or a ball is thrown or lifted.

BUMP PASS: The action of clasping one’s fingers together and using the forearms to hit pass the ball to a teammate or over the net.

CENTER LINE: The line under the net that divides the entire court into 2 equal parts.

DECOY: A move in which the actual spiker of the ball is disguised. This takes the opposing team by surprise.

DIG: The act of reaching a ball spiked by the opponents and passing it to a teammate.

DOUBLE HIT: An illegal move that implies that the same player has touched the ball twice in succession.

FLOATER: A serve that has often been mis-hit and its direction cannot be predicted as there is no spin or rotation on the ball.

FOUL: Any illegal violation of the rules.

HIT: Act of jumping up and forcefully ‘spiking’ or hitting the ball to the opposing court.

JUMP SERVE: A method of service where the ball is flung in the air and the server jumps to strike it.

KILL: A move or a strike that results in the gaining of a point.

MINTONETTE: This is what volleyball was officially known as earlier. The name was created by William Morgan.

READY POSITION: The position and stance that any player takes just before hitting the ball.

RED CARD: A disqualification by the referee. This implies that either a player must leave the game, the team forfeits a point, or a team forfeits a serve.

ROTATION: After a server has made his serve, all the players rotate in a clockwise movement.

SERVE: The game starts when one player serves the ball from the end line of his side of the court, into the opposing teams half.

SERVICE ERROR: A wrong service. This occurs when the service hits the net, or does not cross the net, or the ball falls out-of-bounds or the server’s foot crosses the line while serving.

SETTER: The person who has the crucial second touch of the ball. The third touch will be by a spiker, and the setter must set up the ball in a nice way for the spiker. He is one of the most important offensive players in a volleyball team.

SIDE OUT: A situation where the receiving team wins the right to serve. This occurs either because they have won a point, or because the serving team committed an error.

YELLOW CARD: A warning issued to any player. This does not accompany a loss

This guide is applicable for the game of volleyball played at any level. Knowing these terms can be a major help to any individual, who is a beginner in the game, and also any person who has been playing the sport for many many years.

Top Football Stadiums

Football, which was first played by the peasants and poor of England, now attracts million dollar sponsorship from businesses across the world. The game, which initially did not find any existence among the riches, has now become the game of the masses. People from different places across the world are not only interested in watching the game, but also are keen to participate in it. As a large number of people have taken interest in this sport, you can find multiple football clubs across the globe today. With the increasing popularity of the sports, many national teams have taken to this game. This, in turn, has fueled the need for proper grounds and infrastructure to practice the game. And that is the reason, you can find hundreds of football arenas in different parts of the world. If you are a football fan, and want to gather more knowledge about this sport, you can check out the list of top ten football stadiums. Selecting the top ten football stadiums is tricky as every arena has some specialty of its own.

1. Soccer City, Johannesburg, South Africa

FNB stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa, popularly known as the Soccer City, was selected as the venue for the FIFA World Cup, opening ceremony. The largest stadium of the country and the continent has the holding capacity of about 94,700 people. Though football fans will remember this stadium for the World Cup matches, it has a deeper history. During Nelson Mandela’s first visit to Johannesburg after his release from jail, this ground was selected for his speech.

2. Estadio do Maracana, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil

Estadio de Maracana stadium in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil hosted the final match of FIFA World Cup 1950. The stadium, inaugurated for the 1950 World Cup, did not prove to be lucky for the home team, and they lost the final match against Uruguay. The stadium will be renovated for the 2014 FIFA World Cup matches, and is expected to host a crowd nearing 75,000.

3. International Stadium Yokohama, Japan

The International Stadium in Yokohama, Japan hosted 2002 FIFA World Cup’s matches for the first three rounds. This stadium is expected to be popular among the Brazilian fans as their team won 2002 World Cup in this stadium. With 72,327 seats, this stadium boasts of providing more seating capacity than any other stadium in Japan.

4. The Stadde de France, France

Used by the French rugby team and national football squad, the Stadde de France has a seating capacity of eighty thousand. Number five stadium of Europe, in terms of seating capacity, witnessed France’s glorious victory in the 1998 FIFA World Cup. The stadium has hosted different popular sports events, including the final match of Rugby World Cup.

5. San Siro, Milan, Italy

San Siro stadium in Milan, Italy is one of the oldest football stadiums in the world. The stadium, which has gone under multiple renovation works, provides seating capacity for 85,000 people. If you visit this stadium, you should not miss the memorabilia, and museum.

Tips and Trik MMA training

Mixed Martial Arts have become a very popular sport. MMA fighters are one of the most complete athletes out there with an extreme level of fitness, strength and endurance. This means that you are going to be learning a large variety of martial arts training and conditioning that goes far beyond anything you have ever imagined. To become an MMA fighter takes absolute dedication to the sport and a change in your entire lifestyle. Not only would you train differently, you would also eat differently, sleep differently, and live differently. Perhaps the only other types of athletes that come close to this level of fitness are rowers. That is why MMA fighters have to choose wisely when it comes to MMA training workouts. An MMA fighter needs to develop a very high lactate threshold; otherwise he will be throwing up in between rounds. A good way to do this is with high interval training like wall to wall sprints, kettle bell swings, etc. He or she also need to increase their endurance by doing long cardio sessions either swimming, running, biking or any other activity that will allow for a sustained effort for a long period of time. Training for this sport will not only affect you but it will also affect your family and friends. Get used to not seeing a lot of your wife and kids while you are in training. If you are not focused on what you are learning, then you can get hurt in that ring.

Because of the nature of the sport and the demands of each fight, it is important to develop an all around routine that will address strength, power, strength endurance, increase lactate threshold and of course, develop a good fighting technique like Brazilian Jiu Jitzu or Judo.

Another good example of efficient MMA training workouts will include strength training consisting of pulling and pushing motions like squats, lunges, rows, pull ups and chin ups and core exercises like pull ups with knee raises, one of the most difficult exercises to do properly but that will develop a core of steel. Also, planks and side planks and modified versions of these exercises.

Some fighters really may look rather small in structure and you can’t help but wonder where they get the strength to make such intense blows to knock out their opponent! It takes quite a lot to qualify to become an amateur boxer and this training is considered one if not the most rigorous sport training programs. Obviously, the degree of training depends on the level of the boxer, for example a beginner would only go thorough very basic routines like hitting different kinds of bags (heavy bag, speed bag, double end bag) all with the protection of MMA gloves, shadowboxing which is used to as a warm-up to prepare the muscles for more vigorous physical training, and of course sparring which prepares the fighter for the actual fight. Other regular workouts include jogging, skipping and calisthenics all which increase fitness, flexibility and strength.
When a fighter has scheduled fights fast approaching, more intense and rigid training is required and may include changing of diet and sometimes even some solo time to clear your mind. Practice always makes perfect when it comes to boxing and sparring is the best way for fighters to improve their skill and abilities. Sparring partners wear more than the normal protective gear like shin, head and groin guards and sometimes agree to only make contact with the fighters’ body and avoiding the head, this policy protects the boxers head from serious injury while allowing the boxer to experience a real opponent. Whether it is fundamental boxing training or training done by professional boxers, boxing equipment is a must.

Tips on Bowling Etiquette

Every sport has its rules of etiquette. In golf, for example, one does not talk or move while a player is shooting. In basketball, the crowd is silent when a free throw is made. Even in such a rugged sport as boxing, a man who has scored a knockdown retires to the farthest neutral corner to allow his opponent a chance to get up after a count. So it is in bowling. What it really boils down to is courtesy, once you have an inkling of the rules. Here are some points to remember:

1. Observe the foul line at all times.

This goes for practice as well as for tournament or league play. You owe it to your teammates and to those around you to refrain from any such action as fouling, which would penalize your score and consequently that of your team. Fouling frequently brings on loud and unpleasant grumbling, in itself another breach of etiquette.

2. Never two-ball a pinboy.

By this, I mean don’t fire another ball down the lane before the first one has been returned to you. You might injure the pinboy, and you are sure to make yourself mighty unpopular with those around you, even if you don’t hurt him. Remember, if the pinboy should be injured, you might find yourself liable for damages.

3. Don’t mar bowling alley approaches.

If you have any slippery or gummy substance on your bowling shoes (one should never bowl in street shoes), get rid of it before you step onto the approaches. If your shoes leave skid marks, remove the marks with steel wool. Avoid excessive use of chalk. Do not mar the alley approach or the alley bed with pencil, crayon, chalk or any such substance.

4. Remain on the bench until it is your turn to bowl.

If you get up before your time you will interfere directly or indirectly with those who are already on the approaches. Give others the same common courtesy you would want for yourself.

5. There is no rule against body english.

Lots of bowlers, even the experts, are prone to use it at times. But when you use it, remember that you have the right to use only the space enclosed by the width of your own lane. You are not expected to teeter or lean so far that your body encroaches onto the next alley and bothers the adjoining bowler. Try to cut down on your “body english” in practice and you will use less of it in league and tournament play.

6. Give the bowler on your right preference at all times.

Because you swing your ball at your right side, you have to be more careful of the man on your right than the one on your left. Let him shoot before you do, if you are both beginning at the very same time.

7. Eliminate dilly-dallying between shots.

Don’t fall into the habit of going through a dozen meaningless motions, such as scraping your feet back and forth, wiping your hands on your clothing three or four successive times, moving your ball back and forth or up and down without moving your feet, or any such actions which not only delay the game but serve to make you more tense than before. Get into your starting stance, sight at the target and roll the ball.

8. Don’t distract or bother other bowlers.

Before going to the rack for your ball, make sure that you will not interfere with other players. After you have selected the ball, be careful not to back into anyone’s path. These are important safety rules as well as good bowling manners.

9. Be ready to bowl when it is your turn.

Don’t carry on long conversations with outsiders or engage in activities not directly concerned with your bowling. You owe it to your teammates and your opponents alike to keep your mind on the game at all times.

10. Confine your remarks to those on the bench.

Do not talk to or attempt to gain the attention of a bowler already on the approaches.

11. Control your temper – Be a good loser.

By that I don’t mean that you should give up easily, for everyone likes a real competitor. But once beaten, take your defeat gracefully.

12. Don’t give advice unless asked for it.